By the middle of the century the world population is expected to reach 10 Billlion people. If not only that, the pursuit for better living standards could lead to even a threefold increase in energy consumption. If this growth is sustained by our traditional methods of producing energy, in which 80% of total energy production is based on fossil fuels, mankind certainly will have huge problem related to global warming, that will culminate also in a global energy crisis. In this context, developing non-emitting CO2 sources of energy becomes imperative.
Among those sources, nuclear fusion energy seems to be the perfect option. It is virtually an unlimited energy source that does not produce any greenhouse gases nor long-lived radioactive waste, which has inherent safety features. Even though for many fusion energy seems like a science-fiction kind of thing, it has already been achieved on earth by devices like JET (Joint European torus), the only problem is that those devices although able to produce fusion power, do not offer power gain (they use more energy than they produce). In an effort to solve this, the next step on fusion research is being built, ITER (international thermonuclear experimental reactor) which is designed to achieve ten times energy gain (Q=10).
In this seminary, Pedro Favero will discuss about the energy problem mankind is facing and talk about the basics of fusion energy, a promising alternative to help solving this problem. The presentation will be in english.